学习源码安装nginx

centOS7下源码安装nginx1.15.5

在用户目录下新建lnmp目录并下载nginx源码
cd /root/lnmp
#下载nginx
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.15.5.tar.gz
注意若没有安装gcc请先安装gcc编译工具
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel
同时注意安装前要安装nginx必要扩展
#安装正则 pcre扩展
yum -y install pcre-devel.x86_64
#安装openssl
yum install -y openssl-devel.x86_64
安装nginx
# 解压nginx
tar -zxvf nginx-1.15.5.tar.gz 
# 进入目录
cd nginx-1.15.5/
# 安装
./configure --sbin-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx --conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf --pid-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid --with-http_ssl_module && make && make install
启动nginx
/usr/local/nginx/nginx
修改nginx配置,并新增server
vim /usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf
# 将整个server模块注释并在之后新增包含vhost/*.conf 
#效果如下 (整块代码在http模块内)
   # server {
   #     listen       80;
   #     server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
    #    error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    #    location = /50x.html {
    #        root   html;
    #    }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
   # }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}
include vhost/*.conf;
# wq!保存退出
#新增vhost目录并新建localhost.conf
mkdir vhost
cd  vhost
vim localhost.conf
# 增加代码
server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /data/wwwroot;
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
            root           /data/wwwroot;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}
# wq! 保存退出

修改完配置重启nginx
ps aux | grep nginx
#将nginx进程杀死
kill -9 1111 2222
#开启nginx
/usr/local/nginx/nginx

# 或者
/usr/local/nginx/nginx -s stop|quit|reopen|reload

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